Thursday, October 1, 2009

Mercantour : Alpes-Maritimes (Comté de Nice)

Le Comté de Nice n'a été rattaché que tardivement à la France au XIXème siècle : démembrement médiéval du comté de Provence et longtemps dans l'orbite savoyarde, il illustre les hésitations de cette région entre les deux versants des Alpes ce que confirme son appartenance antique à la province romaine, probablement de peuplement ligure, des Alpes Maritimes. Les hauteurs septentrionales et montagneuses de l'ancien Comté relève cependant d'un autre univers linguistique que la côte et la ville de Nice : dans la haute vallée de la Tinée, l'on parle le "gavot", langue gallo-romane qui connait les palatisations c>ch et g>j inconnues dans le domaine méridional plus proprement provençal. Les patronymes des habitants de cette région présentent cependant de nombreuses similitudes avec les patronymes de la Ligurie italienne, notamment sur l'importance des formations tirées d'anthroponymes germaniques médiévaux : Raibaut, Faraut, Laugier, ...

The County of Nice was only recently annexed to France in the XIXth century : a medieval dismemberment of the County of Provence in the orbit of Savoy, it illustrates the hesitations of this region between both sides of the Alps which is confirmed by its antique status in the Roman province named Alpes Maritimae (which might have been Ligurian by origin). The Northern mountainous parts of the former County belong to a linguistic universe that is distinct to the coast's one : in the high valley of the Tinée river, a Gallo-Romance language named "gavot" is spoken which knows palatizations c>ch and g>j which are not to be found in the more Southern and properly Provençal areas. Nevertheless, surnames in this region show similaraties with surnames from Italian Liguria, more particularly because of the importance of formations built on medieval Germanic anthroponyms : Raibaut, Faraut, Laugier, ...



  • Echantillon représentatif / Sample :
Taille réelle / Full Scale


  • Analyse anthropologique sommaire / Brief anthropological analysis :


- Type 1 :
Brun, yeux noirs distancés et implantés bas, brachymorphique, tête parfois carrée, nez moyen
~ Alpin

Dark,
low wide-set and black eyes, brachymorphic, sometimes square-headed, average nose,
~ Alpinoid



Version claire / Lighter variant :



- Type 2 : Brun, yeux noirs, leptomorphique, nez long, menton pointu
~ Méditerranéen

Dark, black eyes, leptomorphic, long nose, pointy chin

~ Mediterranoid



Ce type, majoritaire, présente des affinités évidentes italiennes, notamment avec la Ligurie voisine. Nous verrons que le Comté de Nice se différencie sur ce point sensiblement du reste de la Provence mais que le contraste est essentiellement saisissant avec la Provence alpine. En voici une variante moins pigmentée :

This majority type presents clear Italian affinities, more particularly with neighbouring Liguria. We'll see that the County of Nice clearly is differentiated from the remainder of Provence and that this contrast is astonishing in Alpine Provence. Here's a less pigmented variant :



  • Morphotypes finaux / Final morphotypes :

2 comments:

  1. Isn't some of your "Alpinoids" too dolicocephalic to be admitted in the club? I'm thinking specially of the first guy of the row, who looks anything but Alpinid to me. But may be the case of others too.

    Some faces in this group, as well as in the Mediterranean one look familiarly "Basque" though I'm always unsure of what this really means. Anyhow these are 1st and (less safely) 3rd guy in the top "Alpinid" row and, very specially, the third girl of the "light Mediterranean" row, who has a extremely common face over here. If you blindly ask me where are the first "Alpinid" guy and this 3rd "light Mediterranean" girl from, I'd say that from Bilbao and Hernani respectively. And I'd classify them inversely if anything (i.e. the guy as clearly Med and the girl as vaguely Alpinoid maybe).

    PS- just asked a friend that came by and said about the 1st "Alpinoid" guy: "sure, I know half a dozen guys with that very face". So, yes, it's a common face over here.

    ReplyDelete
  2. You're quite right that I'm quite "liberal" when it comes to include people in the Alpinid club. The truth is that those people differ from the more archetypal "Mediterranean" that can be found in Type 2 hence my uneasy separation. Most of the time, my pairings are based on vague similarities, not really physical features.

    I don't really find these individuals that Basque-looking : to my eyes, they're above all "Italian"-looking (Italy being so diverse, it's a bit ridiculous to use such a term but still, that's the way I perceive them). But you're right that all those individuals are familiar for Iberian eyes and strikingly differ from adjacent areas. Could it be a Ligurian imput (toponymy around Nice is quite pre-Celtic : Lantosque, Magagnosc, Carros, Ilonse, ...) ?

    ReplyDelete

J'ai choisi de laisser les commentaires ouverts. Cependant vous perdrez votre temps à me sermonner et à me traiter de fasciste (ce que je ne suis vraiment pas) : je vous prie de lire mon introduction qui saura vous rassurer quant à mes intentions. Dans l'amateurisme le plus complet, je n'agis que dans un but de connaissance. Je comprendrai aisément que vous ne partagiez pas mon intérêt pour l'histoire du peuplement du monde, abstenez-vous de vous donner facilement bonne conscience sur le dos d'un travail qui se veut avant tout documentaire et humble.

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.

http://anthrofrance.blogspot.com/2009/05/introduction.html