Tuesday, January 5, 2010

Cholet : Maine-et-Loire (Anjou)

Les Mauges sont situées à l'extrême sud-est du Massif armoricain. La région est limitée nettement au nord par la Loire, au sud par la Sèvre nantaise, tandis qu'à l'ouest et à l'est les limites sont plus floues. Cholet se situe au Sud de cette région, autrefois poitevine (elle fait partie des territoires des Pictaves), annexée à l'Anjou. Les plus anciennes traces de présence humaine remontent à 10 000 ans avant J.-C. : des bifaces ont été retrouvés sur le site du Fuilet, près de Cholet.

The "Mauges" are situated in the extreme SO of the Armorican Massif. The region is clearly delineated by the Loire river in the North and by the Sèvre nantaise in the South whereas borders in the West and the East are more blurry. Cholet is situated in the South of the "Mauges" which were formerly included in Poitou (they were already part of Pictavian lands), then annexed to Poitou. The oldest traces of human presence date back to 10.000 BC : bifaces were found in Fuilet, near Cholet.





  • Echantillon représentatif / Sample :
Taille réelle / Full Scale

  • Analyse anthropologique sommaire / Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Brun, leptomorphique, face longue et étroite, menton pointu, long nez convexe implanté haut, yeux rapprochés
~ Atlantide

Dark, leptomorphic, long and narrow face, pointy chin, long and high-rooted convex nose, close-set eyes
~ Atlantid



Rien de très original : c'est le type physique le plus notable de toute la façade atlantique. Variante plus claire :

Nothing very original here : this the most remarquable physical type in the Atlantic. A clearer variant :



- Type 2 : Moyennement brun, brachymorphique, tête ronde, petit nez épaté (pas toujours), yeux étroits et éloignés (apparence pseudo-"mongoloïde")
~ Alpin

Midly dark, brachymorphic, round-headed, little puffy nose (not always), narrow and wide-set eyes (pseudo-"Mongoloid" look)
~ Alpinid



C'est là le second type caractéristique de la France de l'Ouest dont les Mauges sont représentatives.

This is the second main type peculiar to Western France of which the "Mauges" are quite representative.


  • Morphotypes finaux / Final morphotypes :

5 comments:

  1. Bifaces in 10,000 BP? Shouldn't be rather microliths?

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  2. Oops, BC. In any case, it should be Magdalenian, right?

    ReplyDelete
  3. There's a major prehistorical site near Cholet in Le Fuilet : I don't succeed in finding interesting pieces of information about it, I had to copy-paste what Wikipedia had to say about it.

    Here's a website dealing with megalithic structures in the Mauges :

    http://p.raux.free.fr/mauges.html

    About bifaces, when excavated in 1911, they were dated from Acheulean (that means Lower Paleolithic hence Homo Erectus) but they might have been wrong.

    http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/bspf_0249-7638_1911_num_8_2_6201

    ReplyDelete
  4. All that area (Armorica) was very central in Megalithism. Most famous sites are from Brittany but the interior also has.

    Not sure if you read on the recent study on the origins of British Neolithic, that suggest a NW French origin, not from this place but from Brittany and Normandy and also from the late Danubians of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. I imagine you would be interested in this.

    About bifaces, when excavated in 1911, they were dated from Acheulean (that means Lower Paleolithic hence Homo Erectus) but they might have been wrong.

    That's what archaeologists call an "out of place artifact". However I know that in Galicia, near the border with Portugal, Acheulean pieces were found and C-14 dated to c. 12,000 BP.

    Two such findings are too much of a coincidence, don't you think? Maybe there were pockets of something else (neanderthals, erectus) until very recently?

    Can't say but it's intriguing.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Votre travail est super merci de la partager ici

    ReplyDelete

J'ai choisi de laisser les commentaires ouverts. Cependant vous perdrez votre temps à me sermonner et à me traiter de fasciste (ce que je ne suis vraiment pas) : je vous prie de lire mon introduction qui saura vous rassurer quant à mes intentions. Dans l'amateurisme le plus complet, je n'agis que dans un but de connaissance. Je comprendrai aisément que vous ne partagiez pas mon intérêt pour l'histoire du peuplement du monde, abstenez-vous de vous donner facilement bonne conscience sur le dos d'un travail qui se veut avant tout documentaire et humble.

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.

http://anthrofrance.blogspot.com/2009/05/introduction.html