Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Beaugency : Loiret (Orléanais)

Sur la rive droite de la Loire, la région de Beaugency se situe dans l'ancien Orléanais, dépecé lors du découpage départemental. La région se trouvait intégralement en territoire carnute (les Carnutes habitaient une vaste région des environs de Lutèce jusqu'aux rives de la Loire). Cependant, le peuplement humain de la région est plus ancien : une intense activité de taille - dite "beaugencienne" - datée de l'Epipaléolithique indique que les environs de Beaugency étaient fréquentés par les chasseurs-cueilleurs.

On the right banl of the Loire river, the region of Beaugency is situated in the former province of Orléanais, dismantled when départements were created. The whole area was situated in Carnutian territory (the Carnutes inhabited a vast area from the surroundings of Lutecia to the banks of the Loire). Nevertheless, humans have been inhabiting Beaugency for much longer than the Celtic era : hunter-gatherers from the Epipaleolithic left many remnants of specific microliths named "beaugenciens".

The territory of the Carnutes

  • Echantillon représentatif / Sample :

Taille réelle / Full Scale

  • Analyse anthropologique sommaire / Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Complexion intermédiaire (cheveux de bruns à blonds, yeux parfois gris/verts, ...), leptomorphique, menton pointu, long nez implanté haut parfois convexe, oreilles décollées, yeux rapprochés
~ Atlantide

Intermediate complexion (from black to blonde hair, grey/green eyes, ...), leptomorphic, pointy chin, high-rooted and sometimes convex nose, flappy ears, close-set eyes
~ Atlantid

Ce type inscrit nettement l'Orléanais, du moins sa partie occidentale, dans la France de l'Ouest : on retrouve en effet de tels faciès depuis les rives de la Gironde jusqu'en Normandie. La série est complétée comme d'usage par des variantes de complexion moins foncée.

This type clearly anchors Orléanais - at least its western portion - into Western France : such faces are common from the shores of the Gironde estuary to Normandy. As usual, this series is completed by a lighter-complexioned one.

Enfin, certains individus, bien que leptomorphiques, annoncent par les traits secondaires (yeux éloignés, nez épaté, ...) les phénotypes présentés sous le label "Type 2".

Eventually, though leptomorphic, some individuals announce "Type 2" phenotypes because of some secondary features (wide-set eyes, puffy nose, ...).

- Type 2 :
Complexion intermédiaire (cheveux châtains, yeux verts-gris, ...), brachymorphique, tête ronde ou carrée, petit nez épaté, yeux étroits et éloignés
~ Alpin

Intermediate complexion (chestnut hair, green-grey eyes, ...), brachymorphic, rounded or square-box head, little puffy nose, narrow and wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid

C'est l'autre type de la France de l'Ouest, immuable depuis le Berry jusqu'aux confins bretons. Peut-être qu'il faut remarquer qu'il est plus particulièrement bien représenté à Beaugency. On rencontre comme toujours une variante un peu plus sombre : elle rappelle fortement les types du Poitou intérieur.

This is the second main type one can encounter in Western France, unchanged from Berry to the boundaries of Brittany. Maybe one should notice such type is quite widespread in Beaugency. Individuals a tad darker are to be found as usual : they remind us of people from inland Poitou.

  • Morphotypes finaux / Final morphotypes :


  1. To me they look pretty much "pan-European" (excepting maybe the rather unique and somewhat caricaturesque last type). Some approach more Northern European types, other those from the South but almost all are like not-here-not-there, kinda transitional.

    Somewhat off topic, looking at the Carnutes' map (rather the tribes around the Carnutes than these), I was thinking how strange is that most Gallic tribes are named after their capital towns. I strongly suspect this indicates a high level of detribalization and of politization (as in "polis" or "polity") proper of La Tène culture. It's almost as if instead of talking of ancient Athens we'd talk of the Athenians, and so on.

    It's a curious notion in which polities, maybe because of their primitive nature, are replaced by artificially conceived nations or tribes, which nevertheless evidence by their name the mainly political (and not truly tribal) cause of their solidarity. You see that also in Iberia but mostly among Iberians, not among Celts nor among the presumably Vascoid peoples of the Northern coast.

  2. And when not named according to their main town, the very names of these Celtic tribes are interesting : for instance, the Petrocorii (modern Périgord) are the "four tribes" clearly hinting to the political aspect of this alliance.

    As for the people in that sample, they indeed look pan-European and "kinda transitional" though to my own eyes, such distribution is very Western French (I'll soon post a sample from Picardy : as soon as one heads North of Paris, phenotypes do change).


J'ai choisi de laisser les commentaires ouverts. Cependant vous perdrez votre temps à me sermonner et à me traiter de fasciste (ce que je ne suis vraiment pas) : je vous prie de lire mon introduction qui saura vous rassurer quant à mes intentions. Dans l'amateurisme le plus complet, je n'agis que dans un but de connaissance. Je comprendrai aisément que vous ne partagiez pas mon intérêt pour l'histoire du peuplement du monde, abstenez-vous de vous donner facilement bonne conscience sur le dos d'un travail qui se veut avant tout documentaire et humble.

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.